What Is A Programming Language? programing language

Compared to Python, which focuses on providing a single, simple solution for every problem, Ruby aims to allow multiple approaches that achieve the same end. This gives Ruby a sort of flexibility that programmers love. He has 25+ years experience as a programmer and QA leader, and holds several Microsoft certifications. Array languages use scalars to apply operations to vectors, matrices and other high-dimensional arrays. Curly-bracket languages use curly brackets or brace characters to define statement blocks. XML, or Extensible Markup Language, encodes documents in a way that can be read and understood by both people and computers and exists across the internet.

When beginning your coding journey, you may find yourself asking, “What exactly is a programming language? Check it out and then read on to learn more about different programming languages and what each is good for. It is one of the best programming language to learn which can work smoothly with other languages and can be used in a huge variety of applications.

In Japan and elsewhere, vast sums were spent investigating the so-called “fifth-generation” languages that incorporated logic programming constructs. The functional languages community moved to standardize ML and Lisp. Rather than inventing new paradigms, all of these movements elaborated upon the ideas invented in the previous decades. Lisp, implemented in 1958, was the first dynamically typed functional programming language.


Whether you’re new to programming or looking to brush up on your skills, it helps to know which languages are in high demand. Determining which is the most widely used programming language is difficult since the definition of usage varies by context. One language may occupy the greater number of programmer hours, a different one has more lines of code, and a third may consume the most CPU time. Some languages are very popular for particular kinds of applications. Other languages are regularly used to write many different kinds of applications.

Besides, with the release of the ECMAScript 6 and frameworks like Angular, Node, Express, and React, devs started to use JavaScript for both client- and server-side programming. It takes the concept of object-orientated programming and combines it with syntax and power of C. R language is used for to run R programs and get results within Mediawiki, the software behind Wikipedia. R works for adhoc analysis and exploring datasets, for statistics-heavy projects, and one-time dives into a dataset. Languages as SQL and Visual Basic .Net didn’t even make it to PYPL’s 10 top coding languages for 2021 (Visual Basic’s on the 17th place, SQL not included in the top 28). The average salary of C++ developers in the United States is $113,865 per year.

  • Python’s database access layer is bit underdeveloped and primitive.
  • In addition to being used for university-level computer programming courses, Pascal was used to write commercial software in the late 1970s and 1980s.
  • SQL , was developed in the early 1970s at IBM by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce.
  • The Ada compilers are validated for mission-critical systems.

Java is also the main language of the Android operating system, therefore the most-used when creating apps for that OS. Multiparadigm languages allow a program to use multiple programming styles to work at once in a single program and combine constructs from different programming languages. Esoteric languages test unorthodox methods of programming language design, such as using a fictional language as a basis for a program. Education-oriented languages can help to teach computer programming and coding to novices who are unfamiliar with the processes. In this article, we explore a list of 50 programming languages and explain how they work.


It is interpretive, interactive and a functional programming language. Omputer programming languages are used to to communicate instructions to a computer. They are based on certain syntactic and semantic rules, which define the meaning of each of the programming language constructs. The following programming languages aren’t quite as popular as the 10 listed above, but they are also worth considering if you’re looking to expand your programming options.

Ken Iverson and Roger Hui developed this programming language that requires only the basic ASCII character set. It is an array programming language that works well with mathematical and statistical operations. It is an interpreted computer programming language intended to be used in cooperation with Game Maker, an application for game creation. Mark Overmars, a Dutch computer scientist, designed this language. Programs and languages can be defined as purely formal mathematical objects.

It is a multitasking object-oriented programming language whose compiler converts the Spin code into bytecodes. Multiple Spin code threads can run at a time, thus enabling multitasking. Named after the book A Programming Language (Iverson, Kenneth E., 1962), APL is an array programming language.