What Is A Mouse? Computer Mouse Definition computer mouse

No need the cleaning to optical mouse because it has not contained any moving components. This control system resembles that of aircraft control sticks, where pulling back causes pitch up and pushing forward causes pitch down; computer joysticks also typically emulate this control-configuration. Nearly all mice now have an integrated input primarily intended for scrolling on top, usually a single-axis digital wheel or rocker switch which can also be depressed to act as a third button. Though less common, many mice instead have two-axis inputs such as a tiltable wheel, trackball, or touchpad. Those with a trackball may be designed to stay stationary, using the trackball instead of moving the mouse.

  • For example, in a drawing program, moving the mouse in a rapid “x” motion over a shape might delete the shape.
  • This driver provides the state of the buttons and the distance the mouse has moved in units that its documentation calls “mickeys”.
  • The trackball mouse comes with a small solid ball and a couple of well-placed buttons which allow pointing without the need for excessive wrist and arm movement.

Even though the mouse is a peripheral device that sits outside the main computer housing, it’s an essential piece of computer hardware in most systems…at least non-touch ones. Ryan Perian is a certified IT specialist who holds numerous IT certifications and has 12+ years’ experience working in the IT industry support and management positions. Freedom for selection of mouse according user’s comfortable because mouse have huge varieties are available in the market. Mouse allows to users to editing images in the image editor software such as Photoshop, CorelDraw, and Picasa etc. With using mouse users can select any images, text, any file, and folder etc, and then can be performed other tasks such as copy, delete and paste. Today, in the market have to various different types of computer mouse are available, and every mouse have own functionality so every user can be used all types of computer mouse according their usage.

Mouse allows to users for moving any objects with the help of drag – drop function. In this method, firstly select object then can be move object while pressing the mouse button, and drop object where to place it. Inertial and gyroscopic mouse is also called “air mouse“, because this mouse does not need the surface area for operating mouse.

What Is Computer Mouse: Types, Parts, Functions, Uses, Features

The plural for the small rodent is always “mice” in modern usage. The plural for a computer mouse is either “mice” or “mouses” according to most dictionaries, with “mice” being more common. The first recorded plural usage is “mice”; the online Oxford Dictionaries cites a 1984 use, and earlier uses include J. C. R. Licklider’s “The Computer as a Communication Device” of 1968.

Touchpad is also known as Glide pad or track pad, use for giving the input to computer. These types of touch pad are place on the laptop or other special keyboards. Users can move the cursor on the screen with their fingers, and other two external buttons are embedded below track pad. A 3D mouse is special input pointing device for creating movement in virtual 3D and 2D environment.


Today the optical mouse has completely replaced the ball mouse, being supplied as standard with all new computers. Some computer mice power down after a certain period of inactivity to save on battery life, while others that require a lot of power will be wired-only to favor performance over the convenience of being wireless. However, most of those devices support using a mouse as an optional attachment if you’d prefer to use one anyway. When you do that, you sometimes have the option to turn off the built-in mouse so you can use the external one only—e.g., you can disable the touchpad in Windows 11. While laptops, touch-screen phones/tablets, and other similar devices don’t require a mouse, they all use the same concept to communicate with the device. That is, a stylus, trackpad, or your own finger is used in place of the traditional computer mouse.


If your computer has USB ports, you may also want to consider upgrading to a USB mouse. Bad or failing batteries can also cause low signal strength with wireless mice. Try replacing the batteries or making sure they are charged to see if the batteries are causing the issue. The German company Telefunken published on their early ball mouse on 2 October 1968.