List Of Programming Languages programing language

Between the ease of use, wide functionality, and security features, it’s not surprising that major companies like WordPress and Facebook use PHP. Learning Java is especially easy because its syntax is similar to English. Plus, you can count on a large support community to provide guidance and answer your questions as you learn Java.

  • An equivalent program in a high-level language can be less efficient and use more memory.
  • As we know, to communicate with a person, we need a specific language, similarly to communicate with computers, programmers also need a language is called Programming language.
  • Data-oriented languages offer different ways to search and edit entity-relationship tables.
  • By purpose, programming languages might be considered general purpose, system programming languages, scripting languages, domain-specific languages, or concurrent/distributed languages .
  • Short for Simple Actor Language System and Architecture, SALSA supports concurrent programming, message passing, and distributed computing.

Our developers used Java to build TrainAway app, School App, and Matchplayer for Android. Check our ultimate hiring guide – for costs, tips, and options. Objective-C was the first and only iOS development language since 1983 up to 2014 when Apple introduced Swift. Kotlin is also interoperable with Java, which allows developers to use all existing Android libraries in a Kotlin app. The most progressing languages are Python (+4.3%), Kotlin (+0.5 %), and Javascript (+0.1%).

Like HTML, CSS isn’t considered to be a full programming language, but that hasn’t stopped it from becoming part of the unstoppable trio of web page languages. CSS is a rule-based language, which means you define how different kinds of text and pages look by applying rules to each type of group defined in HTML. For example, you can use CSS to make all hyperlinks underlined in hot pink, while all level 2 headers are bolded and green. So, while CSS and HTML are used independently, the two languages complement each other to create web pages with customized content and style. But just because you can’t create an IF-ELSE statement doesn’t mean you won’t be glad you dedicated time to learning HTML.

Programming Languages Ranking

One of the biggest advantages of Java is that it was originally designed to run in distributed environments like the Internet. And, even though the language is old, Java is still relevant and cutting edge due to constant testing and updating. Another reason why Ruby is so popular is that programmers can change even fundamental parts of the language to suit your needs. For example, if you prefer your mathematical operators to be spelled out instead of using symbols (“plus” instead of “+”), you can define that in Ruby.

As C and C++ are geared toward low-level management of computer resources, knowledge of computer functions such as memory management is beneficial. On average, R developers earn average annual salaries of about $90,940. Javascript was created in 1995 and was initially known as LiveScript.

#1 Python

PHP is widely used for server-side web development, when a website frequently requests information from a server. As an older language, PHP benefits from a large ecosystem of users who have produced frameworks, libraries, and automation tools to make the programming language easier to use. Also referred to as Golang, Go was developed by Google to be an efficient, readable, and secure language for system-level programming. It works well for distributed systems, in which systems are located on different networks and need to communicate by sending messages to each other. While it is a relatively new language, Go has a large standards library and extensive documentation. Thousands of different programming languages have been created, mainly in the computing field.Individual software projects commonly use five programming languages or more.

This object-oriented language was created by Craig Chambers at the University of Washington. Short for Simple Actor Language System and Architecture, SALSA supports concurrent programming, message passing, and distributed computing. It is a markup language that is similar to HTML and follows the XML syntax. It is an active scripting language that Microsoft developed as a variation of Microsoft Visual Basic. VBScript is a default component with each of the Desktop releases of Microsoft Windows.

The language can be used to develop everything from high-level GUIs to lower-level operating systems. Red boasts a human-friendly syntax, low memory footprint and is garbage collected. Its second part, Red/System, is similar to C and provides for the flexibility to program many low-level programming capabilities. Julia has a plethora of real world uses in everything from data visualization to machine learning. In fact, it’s used by British insurer Aviva for risk calculations, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for financial modeling and even the Climate Modeling Alliance for climate change modeling.